Could Probiotics Be an Option for Treating and Preventing Urogenital Infections?

Gregor Reid, PhD, MBA, Andrew W. Bruce, MD, FRCS

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In This Article

Yeast Vaginitis

A random sampling of 2000 American women older than 18 years showed that 17.4% of the black women and 6.5% of the white women reported at least 1 episode of presumed candidal vaginitis during the previous 2 months.[32] In total, 8% of women reported 4 or more episodes during a 1-year period. This high incidence, the propensity for recurrence, and the increasing prevalence of non-albicans vaginitis have underscored the need to better understand the epidemiology and pathogenesis and to develop more accurate, rapid diagnostics and effective treatments.[33]

The treatment of yeast vaginitis, mainly with topical antimycotic drugs, is reasonably effective,[34] but recurrences are extremely frequent. In addition, many women self-diagnose and self-treat with over-the-counter antifungal medications, potentially increasing resistance to these drugs.[35]

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