Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP


Topics in Advanced Practice Nursing eJournal. 2001;1(1) 

In This Article

Factors that Influence Health Promotion Behaviors

A number of variables affect older adults' participation in primary and secondary health promoting activities:

  • socioeconomic factors[26,27];

  • beliefs and attitudes of both patients and providers[28,29];

  • encouragement by a healthcare provider[20,23,30,31];

  • specific motivation based on efficacy expectations[31]; and

  • access to resources.[20]

Age and number of chronic illnesses repeatedly have been the only predictors of number of primary and secondary health promoting behaviors engaged in by older adults.


It is possible that those who are older and have more chronic illnesses are less willing to engage in health promoting behaviors. Conversely, it is also possible that healthcare providers who care for these individuals do not recommend that older adults engage in these activities. It has, however, been demonstrated that reminders to older patients from healthcare providers resulted in increased participation in health promoting activities.



Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.