Diabetes and Heart Disease Highlights From the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2022

Marconi Abreu, MD

Disclosures

November 30, 2022

Dr Marconi Abreu, endocrinologist and associate professor at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, summarizes the results of four key studies related to diabetes and heart disease that were presented at the American Heart Association 2022 annual meeting.

First, he reports primary outcome data from the EMPA-KIDNEY trial, which show that the SGLT2 inhibitor empagliflozin has protective effects on renal function and cardiovascular mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease, regardless of diabetes status.

Next, Dr Abreu discusses the PROMINENT trial, which examined whether a reduction in triglyceride levels improved cardiovascular outcomes. Trial participants with type 2 diabetes, elevated triglycerides, and low HDL did not experience cardiovascular benefit from taking pemafibrate, compared with the group taking placebo.

He also covers a study from Japan that looks at the potential cardiovascular benefit of prescribing highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid for patients with chronic coronary artery disease who take statins.

Finally, Dr Abreu reviews findings from the Diuretic Comparison Project of a study comparing the safety and efficacy of hydrochlorothiazide with that of chlorthalidone in patients with hypertension.

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