Research

 
 

Research

  • Viral Gastroenteritis Outbreaks in Europe, 1995-2000 Viral pathogens are the most common cause of gastroenteritis in industrialized countries
  • Influenza AH1N2 Viruses The influenza A virus genome consists of eight single-stranded RNA segments of negative sense.
  • Influenza AH1N2 Viruses The influenza A virus genome consists of eight single-stranded RNA segments of negative sense.
  • Amplification of the Sylvatic Cycle of Dengue Virus Type 2 Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes and caused by four viral serotypes (dengue virus serotypes 1-4 [DENV 1-4]) belonging to the genus Flavivirus of the Flaviviridae family.
  • Epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease, New York City, 1989-2000 Meningococcal disease is a broad term used to describe the different clinical syndromes resulting from Neisseria meningitidis infection.
  • Emerging Pattern of Rabies Deaths Molecular typing (i.e., phylogenetic analysis of DNA data) has shown that rabies viruses associated with insectivorous bats (L. noctivagans and P. subflavus variants in particular) are the culprits in what otherwise would have been unsolved cryptic human rabies deaths.
  • A Vaccinialike Virus Associated With Infection in Humans.... The poxviruses comprise a family of large DNA viruses capable of infecting vertebrate and invertebrate hosts.
  • Endemic Babesiosis in Another Eastern State: New Jersey In the United States, most of the hundreds of reported cases of babesiosis have been caused by Babesia microti, a parasite of small mammals transmitted by Ixodes scapularis (deer ticks); these ticks also transmit Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma (Ehrlichia) phagocytophila.
  • Assess Regional Pneumococcal Resistance to Antibiotics Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of community-acquired illness, resulting in an estimated 3,000 cases of meningitis, 50,000 cases of bacteremia, 500,000 cases of pneumonia, and 7 million cases of otitis media each year in the United States.
  • Risk Factors for Sporadic Giardiasis Giardia lamblia, a flagellate waterborne protozoan parasite, is a common cause of gastrointestinal disease in industrialized and unindustrialized countries.
  • Annual Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection Risk Studies are increasingly using levels of clustering of isolates from tuberculosis cases (proportion sharing identical DNA fingerprint patterns) to estimate the extent of disease attributable to recent transmission.
  • Foot and Mouth Disease in Livestock Cryptosporidium is a genus of enteric parasites, a leading cause of infectious diarrhea in humans and livestock.
  • Potential Vaccine for Human papillomavirus Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women: this year in the United States, approximately 13,000 new cases will be diagnosed, and >4,000 women will die of the disease.
  • Texas Lifestyle Limits Transmission of Dengue Virus Outbreaks of mosquito-borne infection are commonly assumed to occur wherever competent vectors and a suitable climate exist, and that "global warming" -- climate change caused by human activities -- will cause these diseases to move to higher altitudes and latitudes.
  • Waterborne Toxoplasmosis in North Rio de Janeiro State Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic protozoal disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is horizontally transmitted to humans by the accidental ingestion of oocysts in cat feces or by eating raw or undercooked meat containing cysts.
  • The U.S.-Mexico Border Infectious Disease Surveillance Project The 2,000-mile U.S.-Mexico border is one of the world's busiest international boundaries.
  • First Isolation of West Nile Virus West Nile virus (WNV), an arthropod-borne virus, is a member of the Japanese encephalitis virus serocomplex of the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae, discovered in Uganda in 1937.
  • Mass Vaccination Campaign Following Community Outbreak Neisseria meningitidis is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis in children and young adults in the United States.
  • Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli... The emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria has been well documented as a serious problem worldwide.
  • Virus Vaccine, and Passive Immunization for Prevention After the appearance of West Nile virus (WNV) in North America and the resulting human and equine cases of encephalitis, considerable efforts have focused on developing vaccines against this emerging viral pathogen.