Case Reports

 
 
  • Evidence of Involution of a Dysplastic Kidney? Cystic dysplasia of the testis or ectasia of the rete testis is a rare congenital anomaly.
  • Fatal Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hematoma Secondary Enoxaparin Enoxaparin use in patients with acute coronary syndromes has increased since the results of the several landmark trials.
  • Internet Delusions In the June 1999 issue of the Southern Medical Journal, Catalano et al reported two cases of men who had delusions that they were controlled by and entwined with the Internet.
  • Rare Systemic Dermatologic Reaction after Pneumococcal Vaccine Streptococcus pneumoniae remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and accounts for approximately 10 to 25% of all pneumonia, with an estimated 40,000 deaths annually.
  • Pancreatitis and Administration of Contrast Medium Pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition of the exocrine pancreas resulting from injury to pancreatic acinar cells.
  • Thoracic Spondylodiscitis With Spinal Epidural Abscess Spondylodiscitis with epidural abscess is a rare but potentially devastating condition.
  • Cryptococcal Infection of the Larynx Simulating Carcinoma Although the causes of hoarseness are numerous, most of them can be divided into three broad categories: inflammatory lesions, benign proliferative lesions, and malignant tumors.
  • Intralobar and Extralobar Bronchopulmonary Sequestration Bronchopulmonary sequestration accounts for 0.15 to 6.4% of congenital lung malformations.
  • Pica for Foam Rubber in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), pica is defined as the "persistent eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least one month."
  • Extrahepatic Bile Duct Stricture and Elevated CA 19-9 Obstructive jaundice due to a proximal bile duct stricture is rarely caused by a benign process, particularly in the absence of gallstones.
  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction in Sickle Cell Disease Sickle cell disease is a genetically determined hemoglobinopathy that results in chronic hemolytic disease and recurrent vaso-occlusive events affecting the skeleton, abdominal viscera, and other organs.
  • Bullet Migration Within the Inferior Vena Cava Bullets and bullet fragments have been reported to embolize or migrate to various distant sites after entry into the body.
  • Neurologic and Cardiac Progression of Glycogenosis Type VII Over Although about 40 families with autosomal recessive muscle phosphofructokinase deficiency (glycogenosis type VII, Tarui's disease) have been reported, little is known about the long-term course and progression of the disease.
  • Microscopic Polyangiitis in a Pregnant Woman Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is a systemic, small-vessel vasculitis, primarily associated with necrotizing glomerulonephritis and pulmonary capillaritis.
  • Celecoxib-Induced Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage and Ulcerati The newest drugs in the class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the COX-2 inhibitors, which have been designed to selectively inhibit cyclooxegenase-2 (COX-2), while sparing cyclooxegenase-1 (COX-1).
  • Amiodarone-Induced Thyrotoxicosis The side effects of amiodarone therapy include corneal deposits, photosensitivity, cutaneous hyperpigmentation, pulmonary toxicity, hepatotoxicity, peripheral neuropathy, drug interactions, thyrotoxicosis, and hypothyroidism.
  • Pneumonia Due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an important etiologic agent of community-acquired atypical pneumonia in adults, accounting for 15% to 20% of all cases.
  • Lightning Injuries In the United States, 50 to 300 deaths occur per year due to lightning injury, and lightning kills more people in this country each year than any other natural disaster, including volcanoes, blizzards, and earthquakes.
  • Breast Cancer and Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), the most common autoimmune disorder, results from accelerated platelet destruction after the binding of autoreactive antibodies to platelets.
  • Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Adult Patients With Meckel's Divert In about 5% of cases of gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage, the source of bleeding is not identifiable, and patients are often subjected to extensive and repetitive testing, including upper endoscopy, colonoscopy, and upper GI series (with contrast medium).