Reference Slideshows

 
 
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Recognition, Differential Diagnosis, and Management Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system that is characterized by inflammation, demyelination, and, ultimately, axonal loss. Learn more about clinical recognition, differential diagnosis, workup, and optimal treatment of this condition.
  • 23 Hidden Clues to Diagnosing Nutritional Deficiencies Many diseases are directly or indirectly caused by a lack of essential nutrients in the diet. Can you spot the hidden clues that indicate nutritional deficiencies?
  • Penile Cancer: 9 Cases to Test Your Knowledge Penile cancer accounts for less than 1% of all neoplasms in North America and Europe but remains a health concern in Africa, South America, and Asia. Early recognition and appropriate treatment are crucial for reducing morbidity and mortality. Test your knowledge with these 9 cases.
  • On Strike or Working Overtime: 10 Endocrine Emergencies Endocrine emergencies are relatively uncommon but potentially fatal conditions that can be challenging to diagnose and treat. Learn to correctly identify and appropriately address the following 10 endocrine emergencies.
  • Lyme Disease and 4 Emerging Tick-Borne Illnesses Ticks can carry and transmit a wide array of pathogens that can cause diseases in humans. Learn more about Lyme disease and become familiar with four emerging tick-borne diseases.
  • Are You Missing Subtle MI Clues on ECGs? Test Your Skills The subtle myocardial infarction may be easily overlooked. Could you detect the following electrocardiographic abnormalities?
  • 7 Potentially Devastating Traumatic Brain Injuries Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common global public health problem, with potential catastrophic consequences. Early recognition and prompt treatment are essential to minimize morbidity and mortality. Learn more about 7 TBI that may have devastating effects.
  • Gastric Cancer: Declining Incidence, Poor Prognosis Although gastric cancer has become far less common, most patients present with advanced disease and have poor outcomes. Do you know the diagnostic and treatment options for this potentially fatal malignancy?
  • Cutaneous and Mucosal Manifestations of Viral Diseases Viral infections can cause a range of cutaneous and mucosal manifestations, from isolated lesions to generalized exanthems. Learn more about recognizing and managing the findings associated with various viruses.
  • Sleep Disorders: Rest That Does Not Refresh Sleep disorders, from physical obstruction to neurological disease. Can you make the diagnosis?
  • Red, Hot, and Swollen Foot in Diabetes: Charcot or No? Charcot foot, a significant problem in patients with diabetic neuropathy, is a destructive process that can lead to instability, ulceration, and even amputation. Do you know how to recognize this challenging condition early and intervene promptly?
  • All About Allergies: Be Ready for Spring In addition to the common ragweed, seasonal allergies are caused by other pollinating weeds (eg, Russian thistle), trees, grasses, and molds. Learn about the different seasonal allergens and their current treatments.
  • Major Depressive Disorder: Disabling and Dangerous Depression is a common psychiatric condition, a leading cause of disability, and a risk factor for suicide. Learn more about distinguishing major depression from related disorders and providing appropriate treatment.
  • Alzheimer Disease: Diagnostic Challenges Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and one of the major causes of disability in later life. Learn more about how to diagnose AD in clinical settings, especially before it reaches its end stage.
  • 8 Cases of Food Poisoning: Find the Pathogen Responsible Approximately 1 in 6 Americans will contract food poisoning this year. Review our slideshow for the signs and symptoms that can lead you to the correct diagnosis and treatment of foodborne diseases.
  • Growth Disorders: 8 Cases of a Developing Problem Abnormal growth can be the first indicator of an underlying disease process in an apparently healthy-looking youngster. Can you identify the following growth disorders and their diagnostic strategies?
  • 10 Patients With Neck Masses: Identifying Malignant Versus Benign Accurate diagnosis of neck masses is critical to minimizing patient morbidity and mortality. Can you identify these 10 lesions and determine their management?
  • E-Cigarettes: A Hard Conversation, but Worth Having Although e-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems are growing in popularity, uncertainty surrounds these products, and federal regulations are lacking. Thus, health professionals must provide accurate information that will aid patients' decision making.
  • Baby Belly Aches: 13 Causes of Abdominal Pain in Pregnancy Evaluating the pregnant patient with abdominal pain has inherent challenges, and even the experienced clinician must be wary. Be sure you can safely rule the most worrisome diagnoses in or out.
  • Urinary Bladder Cancer: What You Need to Know Urinary bladder cancer can affect any site in the urinary tract. Understanding the types, grades, and stages of bladder tumors affects treatment decision making and patient outcomes.