Reference Slideshows

 
 
  • Chronic Alcohol Abuse: Complications and Consequences People who chronically abuse alcohol are at increased risk for cirrhosis, GI bleeding, pancreatitis, cardiomyopathy, trauma, mental health disorders, and a wide variety of cancers. Learn more about the potentially devastating complications of excessive, long-term alcohol use.
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis IPF is a chronic, progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown cause that primarily occurs in older adults. How do you identify and manage this frequently fatal condition?
  • Obesity: How to Diagnose and Treat an Epidemic The adverse consequences of obesity are much more complex than simply being an imbalance between energy intake and energy output. Learn the pathophysiology behind this epidemic and how to diagnose and treat this multifactorial disease.
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): Facts and Misconceptions Popular misconceptions notwithstanding, seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is not a separate disease but a manifestation of the seasonality of affective illness. It is part of a mood cycle that also includes manic symptoms. How can you most effectively manage this cycle?
  • 11 Community-Acquired Infections From outbreaks of Legionnaires disease to the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant disorders, community-acquired infections have become an increasing focus in the healthcare community and in the media. Learn more about 11 of these conditions.
  • 12 Causes of Discolored Urine Changes in urine color may be the result of conditions as benign as the presence of excreted pigments or signal more serious processes such as infections or malignancies. Do you know the following causes of discolored urine?
  • Complex Breast Masses: Is There an Echo in Here? Complex breast masses are seen to contain both solid (echogenic) and cystic (anechoic) components on ultrasonography. Learn more about distinguishing among the numerous benign and malignant processes that can give rise to these lesions.
  • Aortic Dissection Clinical manifestations of aortic dissection are often missed on initial evaluation. Is there a 'can't miss' combination of signs and symptoms to correctly identify these dangerous tears?
  • Peripheral Neuropathy: More Than a (Loss of) Feeling Peripheral neuropathies may involve a single nerve or multiple nerves, may affect sensory or motor nerves (or both), and may be either acute or chronic. Signs and symptoms depend on the type of nerves involved. Learn more about recognizing the conditions causing peripheral nerve damage or dysfunction.
  • Tattoo Skin Reactions: Allergies and Infections Decorative tattoos have become increasingly popular around the world--accompanied by a rise in related complications. Can you identify the following tattoo skin reactions?
  • 14 Rashes You Need to Know: Common Dermatologic Diagnoses Skin rashes are common patient complaints. Although many symptoms overlap, there are identifiable factors for each disease. Can you identify these rashes?
  • What the Eyes Tell You: 17 Abnormalities of the Lens Lens abnormalities are a guide to conditions that affect not just the eyes but possibly the entire body. Can you recognize these disease clues in your patients' eyes?
  • Classifying Pressure Injuries: 15 Cases to Test Your Skills Pressure injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially for patients with impaired sensation, prolonged immobility, or advanced age. Can you properly classify these pressure injuries?
  • Imaging of Ruptured Breast Implants: Finding the Leak Implant rupture is a frequent complication of breast implant placement, occurring in 10-14% of patients within 10 years. Learn more about how to recognize this complication on diagnostic imaging, as well as how silicone implant rupture manifests differently from saline implant rupture.
  • 11 Abdominal Emergencies in Infants Diagnosing the acute abdomen in infants can be challenging, but early recognition is crucial, as surgical intervention is often required. Can you recognize the following urgent cases?
  • Neonatal and Infant Brain Imaging Evaluation Imaging is important for detecting cerebral pathology in neonates and infants--particularly premature infants, who are especially susceptible to intracranial pathology. Learn some of the differences between normal preterm and term infant brains and the types and degree of cerebral damage that may occur.
  • 11 Common-to-Rare Infant Skin Conditions Most newborn rashes are benign and require no treatment. Other infant skin conditions, however, need extensive evaluation and close follow-up to ensure the best possible outcomes.
  • Kawasaki Disease: Do You Know the Signs? Kawasaki disease is an autoimmune illness of unknown etiology that is now the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children. Do you know the specific criteria for diagnosis?
  • Endometrial Cancer: Common but Predominantly Curable Cancer of the uterine corpus is the most common gynecologic malignancy, but it is usually diagnosed in the early stages and curable. Are you familiar with its presentation and risk factors?
  • Hard Hits: Blunt Force Trauma Blunt force injuries can affect multiple organ systems and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Can you identify and manage various types of blunt force trauma, as well as potential associated complications?