Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

 
 

  • Theory-of-mind and Variation in Children's Social Cognition This fMRI study aimed to elucidate how nodes of the theory-of-mind network act and interact to support social cognition and false belief reasoning in school-aged children.
  • Naltrexone Alters Responses to Social and Physical Warmth This study examined the causal role of opioids in feelings of social connection. Do social and physical warmth share neurobiological, opioid receptor-dependent mechanisms?
  • Connectome-Based Individualized Prediction of Loneliness In this paper, the authors describe a connectome-based model that may effectively predict loneliness at the individual level.
  • When Do We Fall in Neural Synchrony With Others? Using a novel fNIRS-based hyperscanning paradigm, this study explored how interpersonal brain synchronization occurs during a collaborative task as well as its trajectory over time.
  • Neural Development of Prosocial Behavior in Youth This fMRI study examined age-related differences in youths' neural sensitivity to prosocial decision-making.
  • Peer-influenced Bystander Participation in Bullying This fMRI study investigated the underlying behavioral and neural mechanisms that determine a peer-influenced bystander's participation in bullying.
  • How Drama Activates Brains of Holistic vs. Analytical Thinkers This fMRI study analyzed and compared the brain activity of self-described analytical vs. holistic thinkers from the same culture while they watched a movie depicting a social moral dilemma.
  • Does tDCS to the Prefrontal Cortex Affect Social Behavior? How does tDCS applied to the prefrontal cortex impact specific social behaviors such as aggression, overeating, impulsivity, and risk-taking? Can it be used to reduce maladaptive social behavior?
  • Induced Anxiety and Neural Responses to Monetary Incentives This study aimed to determine how induced anxiety impacts neural processing of both positive and negative incentives.
  • Communication of Emotion Via Drumming Using a novel dual-brain neuroimaging paradigm, this study investigated the neural response to communication of emotion via drumming.
  • Functional Connectivity in the Social Brain This fMRI study utilized a multi-method approach to assess the functional architecture of the social brain in children and adolescents.
  • Cardiac Interoceptive Learning Modulated by Emotional Valence This study explored the impact of differently valenced exteroceptive information on the processing of interoceptive signals.
  • Neural Substrates of Psychological vs Physical Harm Using fMRI, this study examined the extent to which moral judgments of physical and psychological harms are similarly processed, and whether this differs among patients with autism spectrum disorder.
  • Mindfulness Predicts Adaptive Affective Response to Rejection Do mindful individuals experience less distress arising from social rejection? What neural mechanisms might underlie this potential capacity?
  • An fMRI Study Into Self-esteem and Self-knowledge This fMRI study investigated how feedback valence, consistency of feedback with self-knowledge, and global self-esteem influence affective and neural responses to social feedback.
  • Electrocortical Response to Monetary and Social Reward Is a common neural system involved in the generation of electrocortical responses to monetary and social reward?
  • Sleep Deprivation Affects Fear Memory Consolidation This fMRI study examined the effects of sleep deprivation on the acquisition of fear and subsequent neural consolidation. Might these findings elucidate the neural basis of sleep disturbances in PTSD?
  • Risk-taking, Peer-influence and Child Maltreatment This neurocognitive study investigated the relationship of childhood maltreatment with risk-taking and risk sensitivity and the influence of peers on risk behavior.
  • Oxytocin Promotes Altruistic Punishment The findings of this study suggest that the neural circuits underlying altruistic punishment are partly targeted by the oxytonergic system, which plays a crucial role in cooperative behavior.
  • Music-induced Positive and the Scope of Auditory Attention This study provides evidence that a happy mood induced by even unfamiliar instrumental music can broaden the scope of auditory selective attention.