Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)

 
 

  • Racial Disparities in Breastfeeding Among U.S. Infants This report examined racial disparities in breastfeeding duration when calculated among infants who had initiated breastfeeding, as opposed to all infants.
  • Changes in Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths by Opioid Type The latest figures show that while the number of opioid-involved overdose deaths increased over the period 2013-2017, 2018 showed a slight decrease. What factors are driving this decrease?
  • Human Papillomavirus-Attributable Cancers This report presents surveillance data for HPV-associated cancers in the US, estimating which of these were attributable to the types targeted by the 9-valent HPV vaccine.
  • Vaccination Coverage Among US Adolescents Aged 13-17 This report surveyed vaccination coverage among adolescents in the United States, with a special emphasis on HPV vaccine and meningococcal vaccine.
  • Outbreak of Multi-drug Resistant Salmonella Newport An 2018 outbreak of multidrug resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Newport, with decreased susceptibility to azithromycin, has been linked to beef and raw cheese, most of which originated in Mexico.
  • CDC Recommendation for Serologic Diagnosis of Lyme Disease Recently, the FDA cleared several Lyme disease serologic assays with new indications for use, allowing for an EIA rather than western immunoblot assay as a confirmatory test.
  • Updated ACIP Recommendations: HPV Vaccination for Adults Should adults older than 26 receive the HPV vaccination? Review the latest ACIP recommendations in this report.
  • Healthy Contact Lens Instructions Recall by Patients While eye care providers report regularly instructing patients on healthy contact lens use and care, patients don't seem to be hearing them. Do we need better communication strategies?
  • Fentanyl Overdoses Among Persons Who Thought it was Cocaine Unintentional synthetic opioid exposure caused multiple deaths in this cluster of cases in California.
  • Pharmacy-Based Naloxone Dispensing -- US, 2012-2018 Pharmacies can be an important venue to help expand access to naloxone. What are the current trends and characteristics of naloxone dispensing from retail pharmacies in the US?
  • West Nile Virus and Other Notifiable Arboviral Diseases This report on the incidence of domestically acquired arboviral diseases highlights the need to consider arboviral infections in the differential diagnosis of aseptic meningitis or encephalitis.
  • K. pneumoniae Isolate Associated With Urology Procedures This case of a patient harboring carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae highlights the need to obtain thorough travel histories for patients who've had recent medical care outside of the US.
  • C. auris in a U.S. Patient Recently Hospitalized in Kenya This case of a patient colonized with Candida auris after extended hospitalization in Kenya underscores how health care exposure outside the US is a risk factor for emerging drug-resistant infections.
  • Injection Practices and Sexual Behaviors Among HIV+ PWID This report indicates that high-risk injection practices and sexual behaviors associated with HIV transmission are common among HIV-positive persons who inject drugs.
  • Progress in HCV Testing and Treatment in Injection Drug Users This report outlines the success of a hepatitis C elimination strategy wherein needle and syringe programs have offered HCV antibody testing for persons who inject drugs.
  • Successive Norovirus Outbreaks at an Event Center This series of persistent norovirus outbreaks at an event center underscores the need for a comprehensive prevention and mitigation strategy that addresses all possible routes of virus transmission.
  • Quit Attempts Among Adult Cigarette Smokers by State This study assessed state-specific trends in the prevalence of past-year quit attempts among adult cigarette smokers.
  • Surveillance for Acute Flaccid Myelitis -- US, 2018 This report updates clinical, laboratory, and outcome data for cases of acute flaccid myelitis reported to CDC during 2018. Are cases on the rise--or just being better recognized?
  • Workplace Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure Are nonsmoking workers residing in US states without comprehensive smoke-free laws being frequently exposed to second-hand smoke?
  • Changes in HIV PrEP Awareness and Use Among MSM This report shows that from 2014 to 2017, PrEP awareness in urban areas among men who have sex with men has greatly increased, but uptake remains low for some groups.