Environmental Health Perspective

 
 

  • Occupation and Risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Its Subtypes Do specific occupations confer a higher risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma?
  • Pollen Overload: Seasonal Allergies in a Changing Climate Evidence suggests that climate change will result in longer growing seasons for the plants that trigger seasonal allergies. Physicians are already seeing a rise in hay fever and allergic asthma.
  • Noise and Body Fat: Uncovering New Connections What might explain the association of weight gain with residential exposure to traffic noise?
  • IBD in Asia: Uncovering Environmental Factors With the dramatic increase in inflammatory bowel disease in Asia in recent years--where it once was rare--investigators have a unique opportunity to investigate environmental contributors to IBD.
  • Multiple Trigger Points for Quantifying Heat-Health Impacts At what point do high temperatures contribute to illness and death? This study aims to characterize the complex relationship between heat and health.
  • Arsenic and Latent Disease Risk: What's the Mechanism? Arsenic exposure in childhood is known to contribute to diseases, such as cancer, that appear long after exposure. What are the mechanisms at work?
  • Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure and Childhood Autism Although several earlier studies reported a higher prevalence of autism in children exposed prenatally to traffic-related air pollutants, this new analysis does not corroborate those findings.
  • A Scourge Returns: Black Lung in Appalachia Not only is coal workers' pneumoconiosis, or black lung, on the rise after rates had dropped dramatically, but cases progress far more rapidly than in previous generations. What's going on?
  • Folic Acid and Creatine to Lower Blood Arsenic This study suggests that nutritional supplementation can present a low-risk and low-cost treatment option to limit arsenic toxicity in arsenic-exposed populations.
  • Identifying Potential Breast Carcinogens: A New Approach By working backwards from the biological mechanisms associated with breast cancer, researchers have developed a novel method for identifying compounds as potential breast carcinogens.
  • Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Research Studies Although many environmentally related disease disproportionately affect minorities, these groups are much less likely than their white counterparts to be included in studies. How can this be addressed?
  • Lung Cancer and Exposure to Nitrogen Dioxide and Traffic This meta-analysis examined the relationship of exposure to motor vehicle traffic and incidence of lung cancer.
  • Using Whole-Genome Sequencing to Control Hospital Infection Whole-genome sequencing allows hospitals to study disease outbreaks occurring on their wards and special care units--and potentially prevent them before they start.
  • Between Extremes: Health Effects of Heat and Cold Recent studies have uncovered a complex and unexpected relationship between temperature and public health.
  • Obesity and Prenatal Exposure to Organic Pollutants Could prenatal exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals such as persistent organic pollutants increase risk of obesity later in life?
  • Arsenic Exposure and Blood Pressure Changes in Pregnancy Does inorganic arsenic consumed in drinking water and diet contribute to increased blood pressure during pregnancy?
  • Dermal Exposure to Phthalates in Indoor Air Previous studies have investigated uptake of phthalates via ingestion, inhalation, and direct skin contact. But could phthalates be absorbed from indoor air directly through the skin?
  • Using Parks to Improve Children's Health The benefits of outdoor activity have gained attention in recent years. Now, park visits are being integrated into children's health care through "park prescriptions" and community health programs.
  • Serum Organochlorine Levels and Metastatic Prostate Cancer The results of this study suggest a possible role of organochlorine insecticides and PCBs in the etiology of metastatic prostate cancer.
  • Urinary BPA Levels During Pregnancy and Preterm Birth Risk Evidence suggests that exposure to the chemical BPA may affect pregnancy through a variety of hormone-mediated mechanisms. Is it implicated in premature birth?