Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) treatment?

Updated: Sep 12, 2017
  • Author: Mark E Weinblatt, MD; Chief Editor: Jennifer Reikes Willert, MD  more...
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Careful attention must be directed toward adequate nutrition. Because of prolonged neutropenia with infections that blunt a patient's appetite and recurrent episodes of chemotherapy-induced mucositis, high-calorie oral supplements are often helpful for maintaining weight. They help the patient to tolerate therapy. Most transplantation patients require intravenous total parenteral nutrition or, preferably, nasogastric alimental nutrition.

Low-bacteria diets are often prescribed to patients receiving a blood or marrow transplant to decrease the incidence of infections because of the profound immunosuppression after transplantation. This would include avoiding uncooked fresh vegetables and fruits. These recommendations are probably not necessary for patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are not undergoing transplantation.

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