What is the role of histochemical staining in the workup of pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia (AML)?

Updated: Sep 12, 2017
  • Author: Mark E Weinblatt, MD; Chief Editor: Jennifer Reikes Willert, MD  more...
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Answer

In addition to standard Wright-Giemsa stains, histochemical stains help in differentiating the various acute leukemias. Positive periodic acid-Schiff stains indicate acute biphenotypic leukemia or undifferentiated leukemia with lymphoblastic features. Most acute myeloid leukemia cells have strong positive reactions to myeloperoxidase and Sudan black stains. Esterase stain findings usually help in differentiating myeloid (specific esterase positive) from monocytic (nonspecific esterase positive) leukemia.


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