What is the role of radiography in the workup of pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia (AML)?

Updated: Sep 12, 2017
  • Author: Mark E Weinblatt, MD; Chief Editor: Jennifer Reikes Willert, MD  more...
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Routine chest radiography should be performed to rule out mediastinal masses, particularly in patients with respiratory symptoms or suspected superior vena cava syndrome.

If the patient has abdominal pain and distention, abdominal images often depict free air suggestive of a perforation.

Radiographic examination of the extremities may reveal findings such as metaphyseal bands at the distal femurs (most commonly observed in young children with ALL), periosteal new bone formation, focal lytic lesions, or pathologic fractures.

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