What is the global prevalence of pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia (AML)?

Updated: Sep 12, 2017
  • Author: Mark E Weinblatt, MD; Chief Editor: Jennifer Reikes Willert, MD  more...
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Answer

Although leukemia has been reported in children worldwide, the incidence varies widely. In the United States and other highly industrialized countries, acute myeloid leukemia accounts for about 15% of childhood leukemia. In other areas, such as Turkey, nearly one half of children diagnosed with leukemia have acute myeloid leukemia. Childhood leukemia (other than Burkitt type) is less common in Africa, but the ratio of acute myeloid leukemia to ALL is roughly 1:1. Likewise, the incidence of acute myeloid leukemia in Asia is significantly higher than it is in more developed parts of the world, being nearly equal to that of ALL, as reported by Bhatia and Neglia. [2]


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