How does bleeding affect the prognosis of pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia (AML)?

Updated: Sep 12, 2017
  • Author: Mark E Weinblatt, MD; Chief Editor: Jennifer Reikes Willert, MD  more...
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Answer

Bleeding is the second most common cause of death in acute myeloid leukemia.

Severe GI, pulmonary, or intracranial hemorrhage is frequently observed.

Disseminated intravascular coagulation is a serious potential problem in all patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and, to some extent, in those with other acute myelocytic leukemia subtypes. It can occur in association with thrombosis and hemorrhage.


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