What is the prevalence of carcinoid tumor in the US?

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Cameron K Tebbi, MD; Chief Editor: Max J Coppes, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Carcinoids are the most common neuroendocrine tumors, with an estimated 1.5-1.9 clinical cases per 100,000 population. The incidence in autopsy cases is higher at 650 cases per 100,000 population. Evidence in adults suggests that overall incidence of carcinoid tumors has been steadily increasing. [38, 39]  While not entirely clear, it is speculated that this increase is due to more universal utilization of proton pump inhibitors. The exact incidence in children is not known. Most tumors occur in adults and are rare in children.

Historically, prior to availability of improved diagnostic techniques, distant metastasis was reported in 12.9% range. A retrospective cohort study by Kasumova et al reported that out of 10,752 patients, 12.7% were diagnosed with carcinoid tumors, 84.7% with nonfunctional and 2.6% with functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. The incidence of carcinoid tumors rose from 36 (5.7%) diagnosed in 2004 to 497 (27.7%) in 2013. Overall survival was significantly longer for carcinoid compared with functional and nonfunctional tumors, with 5-year survival rates of 63.1%, 58.3%, and 52.6%, respectively. Overall survival for patients having resection improved significantly for carcinoid tumors (89.2%) compared to functional and non-functional tumors (76.6%, and 78.7%, respectively). [40]


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