Which imaging modalities may be used to evaluate suspected carcinoid tumors?

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Cameron K Tebbi, MD; Chief Editor: Max J Coppes, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Depending on the location of the tumor and metastasis, a combination of the following imaging modalities may be used to evaluate suspected carcinoid tumors:

  • Plain radiography

  • Upper and lower GI radiography with oral contrast agents

  • Computed tomography scanning

  • Magnetic resonance imaging

  • Angiography

  • Ultrasound including endoscopic ultrasound

  • Positron emission tomography scanning

  • Scintigraphy with metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) and octreotide [23, 24]

  • Radionuclide imaging with somatostatin analogs attached to the radioactive tracer

  • Technetium-99m bone scanning


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