What is the relationship between adolescent obesity and diabetes in adulthood?

Updated: Feb 20, 2019
  • Author: Steven M Schwarz, MD, FAAP, FACN, AGAF; Chief Editor: Jatinder Bhatia, MBBS, FAAP  more...
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Answer

Epidemiologic data, although limited, indicate that adolescent obesity is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in later life. Accordingly, the dramatic increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among adolescents with obesity is likely to be accompanied by a host of diabetic-related complications in adulthood and a reduction in life span. Although obesity, per se, is associated with a heightened risk of morbidity related to abnormalities in glucose homeostasis, recent data indicate that the rate of increase in BMI during adolescence may also represent a significant risk factor for diabetes. [27]


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