What are the race-related demographics of obesity in children, and which ethic groups have the highest incidence of childhood obesity?

Updated: Feb 20, 2019
  • Author: Steven M Schwarz, MD, FAAP, FACN, AGAF; Chief Editor: Jatinder Bhatia, MBBS, FAAP  more...
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Answer

Race and ethnicity are associated with increased rates of obesity in children and adolescents. Puerto Rican, Cuban American, and Native American preschoolers have an increased incidence of obesity; black, Native American, Puerto Rican, Mexican, and native Hawaiian school-aged children have the highest rates of obesity in this age group. Approximately 25% of black adolescents are obese. Rosen reported that obstructive sleep apnea hypoventilation (OSA/H) is more commonly seen in black children than in Hispanic or white children. [16] Tonsils and adenoids are at their peak size, relative to the size of the oropharynx, when children are aged 2-7 years.


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