What is the role of plasma cystatin C concentration in the workup for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children?

Updated: Jul 21, 2020
  • Author: Sanjeev Gulati, MD, MBBS, DNB(Peds), DM, DNB(Neph), FIPN(Australia), FICN, FRCPC(Canada); Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Answer

Because of the problems with changes in creatinine production and secretion, other endogenous compounds have been evaluated in an effort to provide a more accurate estimation of GFR. Perhaps the most promising is cystatin C, a low–molecular-weight protein that is a member of the cystatin superfamily of cysteine protease inhibitors. Cystatin C is produced by all nucleated cells, and its rate of production is relatively constant and is unaltered by inflammatory conditions or changes in diet. The plasma cystatin C concentration may correlate more closely with the GFR than with the PCr.


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