What is the global prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children?

Updated: Jul 21, 2020
  • Author: Sanjeev Gulati, MD, MBBS, DNB(Peds), DM, DNB(Neph), FIPN(Australia), FICN, FRCPC(Canada); Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Answer

Globally, the prevalence of CKD stage II or lower in children is reported to be approximately 18.5-58.3 per million children. Disease prevalence is much lower than that in adults; in a study from India, children constituted 5.3% of all patients with chronic kidney disease seen in a referral hospital. [8] Data from the ItalKid study reported a mean incidence of 12.1 cases per year per million in the age-related population (age range, 8.8-13.9 y) and a prevalence of 74.7 per million in this population. [9] However, underreporting due to lack of recognition may suggest an even higher prevalence in children.


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