How is chronic kidney disease (CKD) diagnosed in children?

Updated: Jul 21, 2020
  • Author: Sanjeev Gulati, MD, MBBS, DNB(Peds), DM, DNB(Neph), FIPN(Australia), FICN, FRCPC(Canada); Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Answer

Initial testing in a child with suspected CKD must include an examination of the urine and estimation of the glomerular filtration rate. Anemia is an important clinical finding in CKD, and a complete blood cell count is an important investigation both in the initial evaluation and the subsequent follow-up in affected children.

Imaging studies such as ultrasonography and radionuclide studies help in confirming the diagnosis of CKD and may also provide clues to its etiology.

See Workup for more detail.


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