What is the prevalence of pediatric hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in the US?

Updated: Nov 12, 2018
  • Author: Robert S Gillespie, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Answer

Between 1982 and 2002, 354 E coli O157:H7–associated hemolytic-uremic syndrome cases were reported. Transmission route was highest among swimming outbreaks, followed by person-to-person, unknown, animal contact, foodborne, and drinking water–related outbreaks. Daycare centers were the most common person-to-person outbreak setting. Although contaminated ground beef was the most common cause of foodborne outbreaks, produce-associated outbreaks are also common (ie, lettuce, sprouts, cabbage, apple cider, apple juice). These have been attributed to fecal contamination of produce in the fields, from wild animals or from fertilization containing human or animal fecal matter.

Incidence is increased during the summer and early fall. Outbreaks of diarrhea followed by hemolytic-uremic syndrome have been reported in institutions, boarding schools, and daycare centers. Seasonal variation is not observed in aHUS. STEC-HUS is much more common than aHUS.


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