What is asymptomatic microscopic hematuria with proteinuria?

Updated: May 10, 2020
  • Author: Sanjeev Gulati, MD, MBBS, DNB(Peds), DM, DNB(Neph), FIPN(Australia), FICN, FRCPC(Canada); Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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In the asymptomatic child, simultaneous microscopic hematuria and proteinuria (>50 mg/dL) in 3 consecutive urine samples is unusual and occurred in the Galveston study, with a prevalence of 64 per 100,000 school children (approximately 0.06%). [16] All of the children in this survey who were thought to have significant renal disease were included in this group. Despite the obvious concern attendant to this combined finding, almost 50% of the children who were discovered to have both hematuria and proteinuria had spontaneous resolution of both findings during the course of the 5-year follow-up. [16]

The significance of the renal involvement, in most cases, correlates directly with the quantity of protein being excreted. Thus, the combination of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria and proteinuria seems to suggest that such patients are more likely to have significant renal disease.

The first step in this category is to quantitate the urine protein at the initial or follow-up visit. Asymptomatic patients who are found to have both hematuria and proteinuria in several samples collected over a few weeks should be referred to a pediatric nephrologist for further evaluation and recommendations.

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