What posttransplantation complications occur in Fanconi syndrome?

Updated: Feb 09, 2018
  • Author: Sahar Fathallah-Shaykh, MD; Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Answer

Following transplantation, cystine continues to accumulate in all organs, including the kidney interstitium, but it spares the proximal tubule cells. The increased longevity of these patients has resulted in the development of complications other than renal. Among these complications are hypothyroidism, decreased visual acuity, diabetes mellitus, neurologic disturbances, intracranial hypertension, [4]  muscle weakness, and arrhythmias.

Adolescent cystinosis is an intermediate form, both in terms of the age of onset and the severity of symptoms. Nevertheless, it can lead to end-stage renal disease.


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