What are the characteristic physical findings in Fanconi syndrome?

Updated: Feb 09, 2018
  • Author: Sahar Fathallah-Shaykh, MD; Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
  • Print

[2, 3] The physical findings characteristic of each form of the syndrome are described above (see History). Some of these findings are pathognomonic, such as the presence of cystine crystals in the cornea in cystinosis; other findings are common for several diseases associated with Fanconi syndrome, such as hepatomegaly, which can be found in glycogenosis, galactosemia, and tyrosinemia. In patients with no pathognomic findings, other signs or laboratory investigations can lead to the identification of the specific abnormality.

The most striking clinical feature of Fanconi syndrome is failure to thrive. Children with Fanconi syndrome usually have a short stature, are frail, have a low muscle tone, and have signs of florid rickets, such as frontal bossing, rosaries, leg bowing, and widening of the wrists, knees, and ankles. Their reflexes may be increased because of hypocalcemia. Needle-shaped refractile bodies in the cornea, detectable by slit-lamp examination, are pathognomonic of cystinosis. They are always found in children older than 2 years but may be observed during the first year of life.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!