What are the prevalence of edema in acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN)?

Updated: Dec 05, 2018
  • Author: Rajendra Bhimma, MBChB, MD, PhD, DCH (SA), FCP(Paeds)(SA), MMed(Natal); Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Answer

Edema is the most frequent and sometimes the only clinical finding. According to some investigators, edema is found in approximately 85% of patients. Edema usually appears abruptly and first involves the periorbital area, but it may be generalized. The degree of edema widely varies and depends on a number of factors, including the severity of glomerular involvement, the fluid intake, and the degree of hypoalbuminemia. The triad of edema, hematuria, and hypertension is classic for APSGN. Three phases of the disease can be identified: the latent phase, the acute phase, and the recovery phase.


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