What are nonpharmacologic options for the treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS)?

Updated: Dec 20, 2017
  • Author: Ashraf H Hamdan, MD, MBBCh, MSc, MRCP, FAAP; Chief Editor: Santina A Zanelli, MD  more...
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Nonpharmacologic approaches include the following [1, 77] :

  • Assess daily for signs of withdrawal, sleeping habits, feeding patterns, and weight gain.

  • Room-in the infant.

  • Minimize environmental stimuli by reducing light exposure, minimize excessive noise, avoid unnecessary handling, provide swaddling, and non-nutritive sucking with a pacifier.

  • Breastfeed the infant.

  • Provide frequent small feeds of hypercaloric formula and adequate nutrition to minimize weight loss.

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