What is the prevalence of drug abuse during leading to neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS)?

Updated: Dec 20, 2017
  • Author: Ashraf H Hamdan, MD, MBBCh, MSc, MRCP, FAAP; Chief Editor: Santina A Zanelli, MD  more...
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Drug abuse in pregnancy and neonatal psychomotor behavior consistent with withdrawal from opiate and polydrug withdrawal is currently a significant clinical and social problem. An estimated average of 5.4% of pregnant women aged 15-44 years used illicit drugs in 2012-2013, with the highest rate seen in those aged 15-17 years (14.6%), followed by women aged 18-25 years (8.6%), and those aged 26-44 years (3.2%). [5] From 2000-2009, the annual rate of NAS diagnosis among newborns in the United States increased almost 3-fold. [6]

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