Which physical findings are characteristic of intrauterine infection-caused neonatal sepsis?

Updated: Jun 13, 2019
  • Author: Nathan S Gollehon, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Answer

Congenital pneumonia and intrauterine infection

Inflammatory lesions are observed postmortem in the lungs of infants with congenital and intrauterine pneumonia. These may result not from the action of the microorganisms themselves but, rather, from aspiration of amniotic fluid containing maternal leukocytes and cellular debris. Tachypnea, irregular respirations, retractions, apnea, cyanosis, and grunting may be observed.

Neonates with intrauterine pneumonia may be critically ill immediately upon birth and require high levels of ventilatory support. The chest radiograph may depict bilateral consolidation or pleural effusions.


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