What is included in long-term monitoring of infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

Updated: Dec 27, 2017
  • Author: Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Following hospital discharge, caring for premature infants has shifted away from neonatologists at regionalized centers to general pediatricians and other health care providers in the community. Adequate interaction between subspecialists and community providers and formulation of well-communicated health care plans for these vulnerable babies are crucial to serving their best interest and to optimizing their health outcome.

If a baby goes home with a colostomy, parents need thorough instruction regarding the baby's care. Having the parent(s) room with the baby at the hospital for several days prior to discharge is advisable so that they can learn and demonstrate adequate caregiving skills.

Babies who have undergone intestinal resection may experience short-gut syndrome. These babies require vigilant nutritional regimens to maintain adequate calories and vitamins for optimum growth and healing.

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