What is the prevalence of sepsis in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

Updated: Dec 27, 2017
  • Author: Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Answer

A multicenter, retrospective study in Switzerland reported a 29% rate of catheter-related sepsis in patients with Bell stage II kept on a diet of nothing by mouth (NPO) for longer than 5 days. [28] Prolonged hyperalimentation and the absence of enteral nutrition can cause cholestasis, direct hyperbilirubinemia, and other metabolic complications.


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