Why is maturation of the GI system believed to be an etiologic factor in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

Updated: Dec 27, 2017
  • Author: Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Answer

NEC is principally a disease of premature infants. Although approximately 5-25% of infants with NEC are born full term, studies have found a markedly decreased risk of NEC with increasing gestational age. This finding suggests that maturation of the GI system plays an important role in the development of NEC.


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