What has led to an increase in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)?

Updated: Dec 27, 2017
  • Author: Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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As neonatal intensive care has progressed and as premature newborns have come to survive long enough for the disease to develop, the incidence of NEC in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has increased. NEC remains one of the most challenging diseases confronted by pediatric surgeons. It likely represents a spectrum of diseases with variable causes and manifestations, and surgical care must therefore be individualized. (See Etiology, Epidemiology, and Prognosis.)

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