Which physical findings are characteristic of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

Updated: Dec 27, 2017
  • Author: Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Answer

Physical findings in patients with NEC can be primarily GI, primarily systemic, indolent, fulminant, or any combination of these. Gastrointestinal signs can include any or all of the following:

  • Increased abdominal girth

  • Visible intestinal loops

  • Obvious abdominal distention and decreased bowel sounds

  • Change in stool pattern

  • Hematochezia

  • Palpable abdominal mass

  • Erythema of the abdominal wall


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