What is the role of medications in the treatment of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Updated: Jun 25, 2019
  • Author: Abhay J Bhatt, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Answer

The principal therapies for pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) are lateral decubitus positioning, selective intubation, occlusion of the contralateral bronchus, and high-frequency ventilation. However, administration of surfactant to premature infants (< 30-32 weeks' gestation) judged to be at risk of developing respiratory distress syndrome may reduce the risk of PIE development.


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