What are the possible complications of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Updated: Jun 25, 2019
  • Author: Abhay J Bhatt, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Potential complications of PIE include the following:

  • Respiratory insufficiency
  • Other air leaks (eg, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, pneumopericardium, pneumoperitoneum, subcutaneous emphysema [rare])
  • Massive air embolism
  • Chronic lung disease of prematurity
  • IVH
  • Periventricular leukomalacia
  • Death

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