What is the spectrum of pediatric body wall defects?

Updated: Nov 05, 2019
  • Author: James G Glasser, MD, MA, FACS; Chief Editor: Dharmendra J Nimavat, MD, FAAP  more...
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Answer

Issues to consider in understanding the spectrum of body wall defects include the following:

  • Is a sac is present?

  • Is it ruptured?

  • Are there associated anomalies? (This suggests omphalocele, as they are twice as more prevalent in omphalocele than gastroschisis. [10] )

Associated anomalies include:

  • Congenital heart disease

  • Cleft palate

  • Musculoskeletal abnormalities

  • Dental malocclusion

  • Intestinal atresia

  • Patent omphalomesenteric duct remnant (looks like a stoma at the base of the umbilical cord)


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