Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Omphalitis?

Updated: May 20, 2019
  • Author: Patrick G Gallagher, MD; Chief Editor: Santina A Zanelli, MD  more...
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Answer

Antibiotics

Empiric antimicrobial therapy must be comprehensive and should cover all likely pathogens in the context of the clinical setting. [65]

Gentamicin (Garamycin)

Aminoglycoside antibiotic for gram-negative coverage. Used in combination both with an agent against gram-positive organisms and with an agent that covers anaerobes.

Oxacillin (Bactocill)

Antistaphylococcal penicillin. Bactericidal antibiotic that inhibits cell wall synthesis. Used in the treatment of infections caused by penicillinase-producing staphylococci. May be used to initiate therapy when staphylococcal infection is suspected.

Clindamycin (Cleocin)

Used to treat infections caused by anaerobic bacteria. Lincosamide for treatment of serious skin and soft tissue staphylococcal infections. Also effective against aerobic and anaerobic streptococci (except enterococci). Inhibits bacterial growth, possibly by blocking dissociation of peptidyl tRNA from ribosomes causing RNA-dependent protein synthesis to arrest.

Metronidazole IV (Flagyl)

Anaerobic antibiotic that also has amebicide and antiprotozoal actions.

Ampicillin

Broad-spectrum penicillin. Interferes with bacterial cell wall synthesis during active replication, causing bactericidal activity against susceptible organisms. Bactericidal for organisms, such as GBS, Listeria, non-penicillinase-producing staphylococci, some strains of Haemophilus influenzae, and meningococci.

Vancomycin (Vancocin, Vancoled)

Bacteriocidal agent against most aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive cocci and bacilli. Especially important in the treatment of MRSA. Recommended therapy when coagulase-negative staphylococcal sepsis is suspected.


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