What are the diagnostic considerations of urogenital infections in patients with chorioamnionitis?

Updated: May 08, 2018
  • Author: Fayez M Bany-Mohammed, MD; Chief Editor: Ted Rosenkrantz, MD  more...
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Answer

A major and unresolved problem during pregnancy is urogenital infections caused by U urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis. The high percentage of cord blood-related cultures positive for these pathogens is a relatively recent and disturbing trend; positive cultures were strongly associated with placental inflammation and preterm birth. [156]

The lungs of very preterm infants are also inflamed from intrauterine infection with U urealyticum and M hominis. These infections are apparently related to the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (see the discussion under "Neonatal sequelae" under Prognosis). [157]


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