What causes medial epicondylitis?

Updated: Jan 24, 2019
  • Author: Craig C Young, MD; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
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Answer

See the list below:

  • Training errors: These errors may increase the risk of developing medial epicondylitis. Athletes usually have a history of increased intensity or duration of activity, and they may not warm up adequately.

  • Improper technique: This is one of the major causes of medial epicondylitis. Tennis players with excessive top spin, poor serves and forehand strokes are at greater risk of developing medial epicondylitis. [1]

  • Equipment: The use of an incorrectly sized tennis racquet grip, overly tightened racquet strings, older tennis balls, and wet tennis balls may increase elbow stress. The use of graphite racquets and larger headed racquets can decrease elbow stress. [1, 2]

  • Functional risk factors: Weakness, poor endurance, and poor flexibility of the forearm may increase the risk of developing medial epicondylitis.


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