What are the treatment options for Pseudomonas CNS infections?

Updated: Dec 17, 2018
  • Author: Selina SP Chen, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

CNS infections

  • Ceftazidime, cefepime, or meropenem are the antibiotics of choice because of their high CNS penetration. Initially, consider double coverage with an aminoglycoside for patients with adequate renal function. Aztreonam, ciprofloxacin, or levofloxacin are indicated for patients with renal failure and those allergic to beta-lactam. Imipenem-cilastatin should be avoided because of the risk of seizures. Intrathecal treatment should also be considered. Treatment duration should be at least 2 weeks.

  • Antibiotics can be used in the initial treatment of brain abscesses that are multiple, small (ie, < 2 cm), poorly distributed, or relatively difficult to access. Antibiotic therapy duration depends on the speed of abscess shrinkage, but therapy usually lasts 2-6 weeks.


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