Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in the treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis?

Updated: Oct 30, 2018
  • Author: Bryant James Walrod, MD; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
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Answer

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NSAIDs are used to help reduce inflammation and are used as analgesics. Multiple drugs are in this class and every physician should be aware of drugs in each subclass because some patients respond better to one subclass than another. A few of the medications are named not to belabor the wide variety of choices available.

Diclofenac (Cataflam, Voltaren)

Designated chemically as 2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl) amino] benzeneacetic acid, monosodium salt, with an empirical formula of C14 H10 Cl2 NO2 NA. One of a series of phenylacetic acids that has demonstrated anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties in pharmacologic studies. Believed to inhibit the enzyme cyclooxygenase, which is essential in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Can cause hepatotoxicity; hence, liver enzymes should be monitored in the first 8 weeks of treatment.

Rapidly absorbed; metabolism occurs in liver by demethylation, deacetylation, and glucuronide conjugation. The delayed-release, enteric-coated form is diclofenac sodium, and the immediate release form is diclofenac potassium. Has a relatively low risk for bleeding GI ulcers.

Ibuprofen (Motrin, Ibuprin)

DOC for patients with mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis.

Naproxen and naproxen sodium (Aleve, Naprelan, Naprosyn)

For relief of mild to moderate pain; inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing the activity of cyclooxygenase, which is responsible for prostaglandin synthesis.

Available in many dosages and delivery systems. Oral suspension is available at a dose of 125 mg/5 mL. Fairly inexpensive and has a similar therapeutic profile to the other NSAIDs.


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