What are the possible complications of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Meera Varman, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

See the list below:

  • Meningitis - Subdural empyema, hydrocephalus, hearing loss, developmental delay, spasticity, mental retardation, and neurologic weakness

  • Otitis media - Mastoiditis and cavernous sinus thrombosis

  • Sinusitis - Intracranial abscess, periorbital/orbital cellulitis, subperiosteal abscess, cavernous sinus or sagittal sinus thrombosis, and meningitis

  • Bacteremia - Osteomyelitis, endocarditis, and meningitis

In a population-based case study conducted in 2 regions in the United Kingdom, the authors analyzed 100 patients aged 3-20 years who were diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis before age 14 years. Children who were diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis had been noted to have statistically significant impairment in several areas of cognitive, functional, social, and psychological development, including hearing loss, compared with the control group. Overall, the intelligence quotient (IQ) and several areas of quality of life were reportedly lower among those who had pneumococcal meningitis. [17]


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