What are pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Meera Varman, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizes the upper respiratory tract of healthy individuals and is one of the most frequent causes of bacterial infection in children. Pediatric infections caused by this pathogen include otitis media (OM), sinusitis, occult bacteremia, pneumonia, meningitis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, pericarditis, and peritonitis. See the image below.

Sputum Gram stain from a patient with a pneumococc Sputum Gram stain from a patient with a pneumococcal pneumonia. Note the numerous polymorphonuclear neutrophils and gram-positive, lancet-shaped diplococci. Courtesy of C. Sinave, MD, personal collection.

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