What are the physical findings of enanthem in measles?

Updated: Jun 06, 2019
  • Author: Selina SP Chen, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Near the end of the prodrome, Koplik spots (ie, bluish-gray specks or “grains of sand” on a red base) appear on the buccal mucosa opposite the second molars (see the image below).

Enanthem of measles (Koplik spots). Enanthem of measles (Koplik spots).

The Koplik spots generally are first seen 1-2 days before the appearance of the rash and last until 2 days after the rash appears. This enanthem begins to slough as the rash appears. Although this is the pathognomonic enanthem of measles, its absence does not exclude the diagnosis.


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