What are the risk factors for Legionella infection in children?

Updated: Nov 13, 2018
  • Author: Mobeen H Rathore, MD, CPE, FAAP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
  • Print

Risk factors for children are less well defined than they are in adults. Apparent predisposing factors, from reported cases, include the following: [4, 8]

  • Immunodeficiency (primary or secondary) - Malignancies, severe combined immunodeficiency, chronic granulomatous disease, organ transplantation, and treatment with corticosteroids

  • Preexisting respiratory disease - Acute or chronic lung disease, asthma, tracheal stenosis, and tracheobronchomalacia

  • Young age (especially neonates)

  • Water births

Rare cases of legionellosis are reported in children who are immunocompetent and who lack predisposing conditions.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!