What systemic complications are associated with pediatric HIV infection?

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Dysrhythmias, hemodynamic abnormalities, and cardiomyopathy develop in about 20% and 5% of HIV-infected children with AIDS and those without AIDS, respectively. Congestive heart failure is a late manifestation of HIV infection. Children must be treated symptomatically with sodium restriction, diuretics, digitalis glycosides, and angiotensin converting–enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) therapy. Progressive changes in cardiac structure are correlated with disease progression.


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