What is the presentation of Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly P carinii) pneumonia (PCP) in pediatric HIV infection?

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Upon examination, fever and tachypnea are usually the presenting symptoms. Chest radiographs may or may not show diffuse interstitial pulmonary infiltrates. Lung examination may or may not reveal rales. The diagnosis is confirmed by detecting PCP antigen in a sputum or, preferably, in a specimen obtained during bronchoscopic lavage.


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