What is the presentation of mycobacterial infections in pediatric HIV infection?

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Mycobacterial infections caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M avium complex are increasing in incidence in children who are HIV positive. These children are usually extremely sick. Usually, pulmonary disease is present, but extrapulmonary findings can also occur. Acute pustular eruptions, widespread keratotic papules with hyperkeratotic palms and soles, tuberculous lymphadenitis, purple necrotic lesions, and ulcerations have been reported in HIV-associated mycobacterial infections.


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