What are the common oral manifestations of pediatric HIV infection?

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Oral hairy leukoplakia, which is associated with Epstein-Barr virus, is usually rare in US children, but it has been reported in children as the second most common oral presentation after candidiasis in some Asian countries. Results from a 2006 Brazilian study suggest that oral hairy leukoplakia may be more common than previously believed; 16.7% of patients demonstrated subclinical, cytological disease, although only 1.7% of children had clinically visible disease. [22]

Herpes simplex virus infections, parotid enlargement, and recurrent aphthous ulcers are also common oral manifestations.

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